Curriculum Vitae

Book (in Progress)

Rulers, Religion, and Riches: Why Western Europe got rich and the Middle East did not
Under contract with Cambridge University Press

Working Papers

1) Religious Identity and the Provision of Public Goods: Evidence from the Indian Princely States
[Working Paper]
Latika Chaudhary

2) Endogenous Political Legitimacy: The English Reformation and the Institutional Foundations of Limited Government
with Avner Greif

3) The Financial Power of the Powerless: Socio-Economic Status and Interest Rates under Weak Rule of Law [Working Paper]
with Timur Kuran


1) Principal-Agent Settings with Random Shocks [Working Paper]
Management Science (2015), forthcoming
2) Sustaining Group Reputation [Working Paper Version] [Article (Gated)]
Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization (2015), 31: forthcoming
with Erik O. Kimbrough

3) Commitment Problems in Conflict Resolution [Working Paper Version] [Article (Gated)]
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2015), 112: 33-45
with Erik O. Kimbrough, Roman Sheremeta, and Timothy Shields

4) Printing and Protestants: an empirical test of the role of printing in the Reformation [Working Paper Version] [Article (Gated)]
Review of Economics and Statistics (2014), 96(2): 270-286

5) Centralized Institutions and Cascades [Working Paper Version] [Article (Gated)]
Journal of Comparative Economics (2014), 42(2): 340-357

6) Endogenous Group Formation via Unproductive Costs 
[Article (Ungated)]
Review of Economic Studies (2013), 80(4): 1215-1236
with Jason A. Aimone, Laurence R. Iannaccone, and Michael D. Makowsky
Press: OUPblog

7) An Agent-Based Model of Centralized Institutions, Social Network Technology, and Revolution [Article (Ungated)]
PLoS ONE (2013), 8(11): e80380
with Michael D. Makowsky

8) The Political Economy of Mass Printing: Legitimacy, Revolt, and Technology Change in the Ottoman Empire [Working Paper Version] [Article (Gated)]
Journal of Comparative Economics (2012), 40(3): 357-371
with Metin M. Coşgel and Thomas J. Miceli

9) Political Legitimacy and Technology Adoption [Working Paper Version] [Article (Gated)] [JSTOR Access]
Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics
(2012), 168(3): 339-361
with Metin M. Coşgel and Thomas J. Miceli

10) Institutions, the Rise of Commerce, and the Persistence of Laws: Interest Restrictions in Islam & Christianity [Working Paper Version] [Article (Gated)] [JSTOR Access]
Economic Journal
(2011), 121(557): 1310-1339
Press: VoxEU; Foreign Policy; podcast on "Research on Religion"

11) Lessons from Delphi: Religious Markets and Spiritual Capitals
[Article (Gated)]
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
(2011), 77(3): 326-338

with Laurence R. Iannaccone and Colleen E. Haight

12) Reading, Writing, and Religion: Institutions and Human Capital Formation
[Article (Gated)]
Journal of Comparative Economics
(2011), 39(1): 17-33

with Latika Chaudhary
Appendix: Model

13) Bills of Exchange, Interest Bans, and Impersonal Exchange in Islam and Christianity
[Working Paper Version] [Article (Gated)]
Explorations in Economic History
(2010), 47(2): 213-227

14) Social Insurance, Commitment, and the Origin of Law: Interest Bans in Early Christianity
 [JSTOR Access]
Journal of Law & Economics
(2009), 52(4): 761-777

Appendix of Proofs

15) Restricting Access to Books on the Internet: Some Unanticipated Effects of U.S. Copyright Legislation
[Article (Ungated)]
Review of Economic Research on Copyright
Issues (2008), 5(1): 23-53

with Paul A. David

16) The Lender’s Curse: A New Look at the Origin and Persistence of Interest Bans in Islam and Christianity
[Article (Gated)] [JSTOR Access]
Dissertation Summary,
Journal of Economic History (2008), 68(2): 575-579

Other Publications

1) Islamic Institutions and Underdevelopment [Article (Gated)]
Handbook on Islam and Economic Life (edited by M. Kabir Hassan and Mervyn K. Lewis), Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 593-609, 2014

2) Bills of Exchange, Financial Networks, and Quasi-Impersonal Exchange in Western Europe and the Middle East
Union in Separation: Diasporic Communities in the Eastern Mediterranean (1100-1800) (edited by
G. Christ, F.J. Morche, R. Zaugg, W. Kaiser, A.D. Beihammer, S. Burkhardt), Viella: forthcoming

3) Timur Kuran’s Framework and Economic Underdevelopment in the Islamic World [Article (Ungated)]
The Annual Proceedings of the Wealth and Well-Being of Nations (edited by Joshua Hall), Beloit University Press, pp. 85-94, 2013

4) Trade and Commerce

Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought (edited by
Gerhard Bowering, Patricia Crone, Wadad Kadi, Devin J. Stuart, and Muhammad Qasim Zaman), Princeton University Press, pp. 552-554, 2012

5) How Many Scanned Books on the Web? [Article (Ungated)]
SIEPR Policy Brief, Stanford University, December 2008
with Paul A. David

Book Reviews

EH.Net Review: Deirdre McCloskey’s Bourgeois Dignity: Why Economics Can't Explain the Modern World, February 3, 2011

EH.Net Review: M. Umer Chapra’s Muslim Civilization: The Causes of Decline and the Need for Reform, June 16, 2008

Permanent Working Papers

Centralized Institutions and Sudden Change, 2010
[Working Paper]
** This working paper is an early version of “
Centralized Institutions...”. It contains a discussion of the post-election protests in Iran 2009 which I have taken out in subsequent versions

Printing and Interest Restrictions in Islam & Christianity: An Economic Theory of Inhibitive Law Persistence, 2008 [Working Paper]
** This working paper is an early version of “
Institutions, the Rise of Commerce, and the Persistence of Laws: Interest Restrictions in Islam & Christianity”. It is cited in “Institutions, the Rise of Commerce…”