Curriculum Vitae


Rulers, Religion, and Riches: Why the West got rich and the Middle East did not
Forthcoming, Cambridge University Press

Working Papers

Endogenous Political Legitimacy: The English Reformation and the Institutional Foundations of Limited Government
with Avner Greif

2) Causes and Consequences of the Protestant Reformation [Working Paper]

Incentivizing Quantity and Quality of Output: An Experimental Investigation of the Quantity-Quality Trade-off [Working Paper]


1) The Financial Power of the Powerless: Socio-Economic Status and Interest Rates under Weak Rule of Law [Working Paper]
Economic Journal, forthcoming
with Timur Kuran

Press:; podcast on "Research on Religion"

Religious Identity and the Provision of Public Goods: Evidence from the Indian Princely States [Working Paper]
Journal of Comparative Economics, forthcoming
Latika Chaudhary

3) Principal-Agent Settings with Random Shocks
[Working Paper] [Article (Gated)]
Management Science (2016), 62(4): 985-999
4) Sustaining Group Reputation [Working Paper] [Article (Gated)]
Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization (2015), 31(3): 599-628
with Erik O. Kimbrough

5) Commitment Problems in Conflict Resolution [Working Paper] [Article (Gated)]
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2015), 112: 33-45
with Erik O. Kimbrough, Roman Sheremeta, and Timothy Shields

6) Printing and Protestants: an empirical test of the role of printing in the Reformation [Working Paper] [Article (Gated)]
Review of Economics and Statistics (2014), 96(2): 270-286

7) Centralized Institutions and Cascades [Working Paper] [Article (Gated)]
Journal of Comparative Economics (2014), 42(2): 340-357

8) Endogenous Group Formation via Unproductive Costs 
[Article (Ungated)]
Review of Economic Studies (2013), 80(4): 1215-1236
with Jason A. Aimone, Laurence R. Iannaccone, and Michael D. Makowsky
Press: OUPblog

9) An Agent-Based Model of Centralized Institutions, Social Network Technology, and Revolution [Article (Ungated)]
PLoS ONE (2013), 8(11): e80380
with Michael D. Makowsky

10) The Political Economy of Mass Printing: Legitimacy, Revolt, and Technology Change in the Ottoman Empire [Working Paper] [Article (Gated)]
Journal of Comparative Economics (2012), 40(3): 357-371
with Metin M. Coşgel and Thomas J. Miceli

11) Political Legitimacy and Technology Adoption [Working Paper] [Article (Gated)] [JSTOR Access]
Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics
(2012), 168(3): 339-361
with Metin M. Coşgel and Thomas J. Miceli

12) Institutions, the Rise of Commerce, and the Persistence of Laws: Interest Restrictions in Islam & Christianity [Working Paper] [Article (Gated)] [JSTOR Access]
Economic Journal
(2011), 121(557): 1310-1339
Press: VoxEU; Foreign Policy; podcast on "Research on Religion"

13) Lessons from Delphi: Religious Markets and Spiritual Capitals
[Article (Gated)]
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
(2011), 77(3): 326-338

with Laurence R. Iannaccone and Colleen E. Haight

14) Reading, Writing, and Religion: Institutions and Human Capital Formation
[Article (Gated)]
Journal of Comparative Economics
(2011), 39(1): 17-33

with Latika Chaudhary
Appendix: Model

15) Bills of Exchange, Interest Bans, and Impersonal Exchange in Islam and Christianity
[Working Paper] [Article (Gated)]
Explorations in Economic History
(2010), 47(2): 213-227

16) Social Insurance, Commitment, and the Origin of Law: Interest Bans in Early Christianity
 [JSTOR Access]
Journal of Law & Economics
(2009), 52(4): 761-777

Appendix of Proofs

17) Restricting Access to Books on the Internet: Some Unanticipated Effects of U.S. Copyright Legislation
[Article (Ungated)]
Review of Economic Research on Copyright
Issues (2008), 5(1): 23-53

with Paul A. David

Other Publications

1) Bills of Exchange, Financial Networks, and Quasi-Impersonal Exchange in Western Europe and the Middle East
Union in Separation: Diasporic Communities in the Eastern Mediterranean (1100-1800) (edited by
G. Christ, F.J. Morche, R. Zaugg, W. Kaiser,
S. Burkhardt, A.D. Beihammer), Viella, pp. 545-553, 2015

2) Islamic Institutions and Underdevelopment
[Article (Gated)]
Handbook on Islam and Economic Life (edited by M. Kabir Hassan and Mervyn K. Lewis), Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 593-609, 2014

3) Timur Kuran’s Framework and Economic Underdevelopment in the Islamic World [Article (Ungated)]
The Annual Proceedings of the Wealth and Well-Being of Nations (edited by Joshua Hall), Beloit University Press, pp. 85-94, 2013

4) Trade and Commerce

Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought (edited by
Gerhard Bowering, Patricia Crone, Wadad Kadi, Devin J. Stuart, and Muhammad Qasim Zaman), Princeton University Press, pp. 552-554, 2012

5) How Many Scanned Books on the Web? [Article (Ungated)]
SIEPR Policy Brief, Stanford University, December 2008
with Paul A. David

6) The Lender’s Curse: A New Look at the Origin and Persistence of Interest Bans in Islam and Christianity [Article (Gated)] [JSTOR Access]
Dissertation Summary,
Journal of Economic History (2008), 68(2): 575-579

Book Reviews

Journal of Economic History:
Murat Iyigun's War, Peace and Prosperity in the Name of God: The Ottoman Role in Europe's Socioeconomic Evolution, forthcoming.
EH.Net Review: Murat Iyigun's War, Peace and Prosperity in the Name of God: The Ottoman Role in Europe's Socioeconomic Evolution, August 13, 2015
EH.Net Review: Deirdre McCloskey’s Bourgeois Dignity: Why Economics Can't Explain the Modern World, February 3, 2011

EH.Net Review: M. Umer Chapra’s Muslim Civilization: The Causes of Decline and the Need for Reform, June 16, 2008

Permanent Working Papers

Centralized Institutions and Sudden Change, 2010
[Working Paper]
** This working paper is an early version of “
Centralized Institutions...”. It contains a discussion of the post-election protests in Iran 2009 which I have taken out in subsequent versions

Printing and Interest Restrictions in Islam & Christianity: An Economic Theory of Inhibitive Law Persistence, 2008 [Working Paper]
** This working paper is an early version of “
Institutions, the Rise of Commerce, and the Persistence of Laws: Interest Restrictions in Islam & Christianity”. It is cited in “Institutions, the Rise of Commerce…”